Gross Motor Skills (Age 3-4)

Are Your Child's Gross Motor Skills Age Appropriate?

By 3 years of age, does your child:

Kick a ball by swinging his/her legs forward, without holding on?

Jump forward with both feet leaving the floor at the same time?

Walk upstairs, using only one foot on each stair, the left foot on one step and the right foot on the next? He/she may hold on to the railing or wall

Stand on one foot for at least 1 - 2 seconds without holding on to anything?

While standing, throw a ball overhand by raising his/her arm to shoulder height and throwing the ball forward at least 3 feet away?

Ride a tricycle using pedals?

By 4 years of age, does your child:

Catch a large ball with both hands? You should stand about 5 feet away and give your child 2 or 3 tries.

Jump forwards a distance of 8 inches from a standing position, starting with his/her feet together?

Walk up and down stairs, using only one foot on each stair, the left foot on one step and the right foot on the next? He/she may hold on to the railing or wall when walking down stairs, but not for walking upstairs.

Without holding on to anything, stand on one foot for 3 to 5 seconds without losing his/her balance and putting his/her foot down?

While standing, throw a ball overhand in the direction of a person standing at least 6 feet away? To throw overhand, your child must raise his/her arm to shoulder height and throw the ball forward.

Hop up and down on either the right or left foot at least one time without losing his/her balance or falling?

Ideas To Help Your Child With Gross Motor Activities

3 Years of Age

Three year olds are learning more about what their bodies can do

  • Jump down from a step
  • Hop
  • Stand on one leg
  • Walk up and down stairs
  • Throw, roll and bounce balls
  • Push along on a trike

Parents can help:

Play with your toddler

  • Play catch, tag, chasing games
  • Take him/her for walks, to parks, to playgrounds
  • Draw

4 Years of Age

Four year olds are learning more about their body and what it can do:

  • Run faster
  • Climb higher
  • Balance, skip, carry, build

Parents can help:

Make your children's world as big as possible

  • Take children along to parks, barns, shopping, playgrounds, walks, drives, beaches, libraries.

Toys for active play

  • Tricycle
  • Bats, balls, skipping rope
  • Walking, running, jumping, playing and exploring the outdoors is fun for both kids and parents

George Jeffrey Children's Centre • 200 Brock Street East Thunder Bay, ON • 807-623-4381